Problem Of Infertility In Marriages And Possible Causes
Many couples of about 15 to 20 percent have difficulty in getting pregnant, some have frequent miscarriage, and other troubles to deliver successfully.
What then is infertility?
Infertility is the inability to get pregnant after sexual intercourse for at least one year.
Both males and females suffer from fertility issues but we will be dealing more with the female aspect.
Infertility is a sign that something is wrong inside the body.
Although it is difficult to ascertain the root cause of female infertility, there are a series of treatments which about 95% of infertile couple try out and they conceive after some months or years.
The major symptom of infertility is difficulty or inability to get pregnant which most times is caused by not ovulating.
When should you see a Doctor?
At what point should you be worried enough to see a doctor?
- When u are age 35 or more and have been trying to conceive for at least a year
- When u have irregular, too short mensuration (21 days or less), too long mensuration (35 days or more), painful period, repeated miscarriage, etc.
Some essential factors to conceive
The ability to ovulate
Ovulation is the process whereby the ovary produces and releases an egg. For you to conceive your ovaries must be able to perform this function called OVULATION. You can use different period timer app or meet a doctor to assess your mensuration circle and confirm your ovulation date.
Your partner needs a Sperm
Although this is one of the least problems of infertility for most couples but it is an important factor to get pregnant. For those with infertility problems see a doctor to ascertain the health of your partner’s sperm.
You need to have regular intercourse, especially during your ovulation period.
Open fallopian tube and healthy uterus
The fallopian tube is where the egg and sperm meet, so the fallopian tube needs to be open and after fertilization of the egg the embryo can only grow in a healthy uterus.
Each reproductive stage has to occur correctly for pregnancy to occur
The steps are:
- One of the ovaries must release an egg
- The egg is fertilized in the fallopian tube
- The fertilized eggs then travel down the fallopian tube to the uterus.
- The fertilized egg becomes attached to and embedded in the uterus where it grows.
Causes of infertility
Some of the factors that can disrupt the reproductive system are:
Ovulation disorders are when you seldom ovulate or don’t ovulate at all. This is a major reason for infertility. The problem in the ovary or reproductive system can lead to ovulation disorders.
Both the follicle and luteinizing hormones produced by the pituitary gland are responsible for inducing ovulation every month. These hormones can be disrupted by emotional or physical stress, extremely high weight loss or low weight gain, and irregular or absent mensuration. This disruption can affect ovulation.
Premature ovary failures
This is also called ovarian insufficiency. These disorders occur when the ovary stops functioning before age 40. These disorders prevent the ovaries from producing the normal amount of hormone estrogen. It also prevents the ovaries from producing eggs thereby leading to infertility.
Too much of prolactin
This is associated with the pituitary gland problem. This occurs when the pituitary gland produces too much prolactin which in turn leads to the reduction of estrogen and this may cause infertility.
Damaged of the Fallopian Tube
This disorder blocks the passage and prevents sperm from getting to the egg which leads to infertility. For fertilization to occur, the fallopian tube ought to be open to enable sperm to pass through to fertilize the egg.
These disorders can be caused by pelvic inflammatory infection, previous surgery, etc.
Uterine abnormality which most times is present from birth such as an abnormally shaped uterus can cause infertility issues.
This occurs when there is an abnormal narrowing of the cervix. This make’s the cervix unable to produce the appropriate mucus that allows sperm to travel via the cervix into the mucus.
This occurs when there is no specific cause of infertility. This is very frustrating as the cause of infertility cannot be found.
Factors that increase the risk of infertility
As women grow older, the quality and quantity of their eggs begin to decline. Within the ages of 35 and 40, the rate of follicle loss increases resulting in the production of poor qualities of eggs thereby making conception difficult.
Smoking damage your cervix and fallopian tube and increases the risk of ectopic pregnancy. For smokers that are having fertility issues, stop smoking completely before you begin infertility treatment.
Overweight or underweight can affect the normal ovulation in women. The normal body weight normalizes the frequency of ovulation and the chances of pregnancy.
Disease and infection such as chlamydia and gonorrhea can destroy the fallopian tube and may lead to infertility issues in the long run.
Factors that enhances fertility
Getting Enough Sleep
One of the vital requirements for the production of hormones is sleep. Studies have shown that lack of sleep can shorten the luteal phase i.e. little or no time between ovulation and mensuration thereby reducing the possibility of conception.
The right amount of exercise is necessary for conception but too much exercise can affect fertility negatively.
Checking the side effects of medication
Always check any medication that u take to know if they contain nutrients that impair fertility.
Problem Of Infertility In Marriages And Possible Causes